The moment a child figures out how to pick up a crayon, he/she begins an adventure through art from scribbling to realistic creations. Just like with learning how to read or write, children go through levels of development in art – and it is a fun and educational journey. We explore this stage "Scribble Stage" with our pre-schoolers in every studio.
Viktor Lowenfeld, an art education professor at Pennsylvania State University, published Creative and Mental Growth in 1947, detailing the development of art in children. His writing teaches the Stages of Artistic Development, which ties together the intellectual, emotional, and aesthetic growth of art in children. According to Lowenfeld, the first stage of a child’s art development is the scribble stage. Youngsters, from birth to the age of four, explore their abilities to make marks using various materials.
Lowenfeld breaks the scribble stage into four sub-stages titled the disordered, longitudinal, circular, and naming. During the disordered sub-stage, a child creates light or dark scribbles with little or no control over her motor skills. Longitudinal scribbles show the beginnings of controlled repeated motions and understanding of movement. During the circular sub-stage, a child further explores her control over mark-making implements. In the naming stage, he/she begins to tell stories about their scribbles along with naming them, even though they are non-representational.
This is evident not only when children draw or paint. Items in collages become can become a "snake" in the jungle or when building with blocks a small block becomes a "baby" and the big block becomes "mommy".
Take every opportunity to allow children to explore materials even if they may not quite grasp the concept of how its suppose to be used. Many youngsters will hold the scissors with both hands because they do not have the stregth (motor skill) built up yet. Allow them to hold it their way as long as it is safe. Kids are into the process of watching and learning "how things work" Later you can find ways to show them a new use for it. Remember there are no mistakes in art. Art is meant to be explored. See if you can find a new ways to do things!
Paint with your glue. Mixing all the paint colors together.
Squeeze it, dab it , rip it, cut it, drip it, pile everything into the middle of the paper! Go on its okay!
Just for fun here are our Monster's "Selfies" See You at the Next Studio!